数据处理目的限制原则的价值补充与实践挑战
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引用本文:杨树忍.数据处理目的限制原则的价值补充与实践挑战[J].财经理论与实践,2023,(6):146-53
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作者单位
杨树忍 (中山大学 法学院广东 广州 510275) 
中文摘要:目的限制原则是数据保护法的基础性原则,其逻辑起点是个人信息自决权,在保护创新和防范风险的价值体系中有着重要的平衡功能。在我国个人信息保护法体系中,目的限制原则包含目的明确合理、直接相关处理、对个人权益影响最小三个方面。目的限制原则作为一般条款,具有抽象性和模糊性,实践适用时存在着较大挑战。单纯从个人信息分类视角出发论证目的限制原则的适用,忽略了个人信息处理行为对信息自决范围的影响,也未重视信息处理行为与风险控制之间的关系。通过法学方法论中一般条款的价值补充方法,从立法、行政、司法角度对目的限制原则进行价值补充,通过信息处理行为进行类型化,结合信息处理场景一致性理论进行分析,从中寻找目的限制原则适用的理论体系和具体规则。
中文关键词:目的限制原则  信息自决权  一般条款的具体化  类型化
 
Value Supplements and Practical Challenges of the Principle of Data Processing Purpose Limitation
Abstract:The principle of purpose limitation is a fundamental principle of data protection law, whose logical starting point is the right to self-determination of personal information, and has an important balancing function in the value system of protecting innovation and preventing risk. In China’s personal information protection law system, the principle of purpose limitation contains three aspects of clear and reasonable purpose, directly relevant processing, and minimal impact on the rights and interests of individuals. The purpose limitation principle, as a general clause, is abstract and vague, and there are difficulties in its application. In this paper, we adopt the concretization method of general clauses, combined with the analysis of typology theory, and explore the specific rules for the application of the purpose limitation principle from the direction of legislative, administrative, and judicial value supplementation and concretization of the purpose limitation principle.
keywords:purpose limitation principle  right to self-determination of information  concretization of general provisions  classification
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