城乡养老保险统筹是否影响子女经济支持?——基于CHARLS的经验分析
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引用本文:初立苹,许宇星.城乡养老保险统筹是否影响子女经济支持?——基于CHARLS的经验分析[J].财经理论与实践,2023,(6):21-27
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初立苹,许宇星 (上海对外经贸大学 金融管理学院上海 201620) 
中文摘要:基于CHARLS数据,使用双重差分法评估城乡养老保险统筹对子女经济支持的影响。结果表明:城乡养老保险统筹使农村老年人收到的子女经济支持总额增加24.9%,这种提升作用主要通过降低农村老年人劳动供给时间、增加照料孙辈的时间得以实现。同时城乡养老保险统筹对子女经济支持的促进效应在与子女同住、经济支持来源于儿子的农村老年人中更加显著。鉴于此,政府应逐步提高养老保险统筹层次,有序缩小城乡居民的养老保险待遇差距。
中文关键词:城乡养老保险统筹  子女经济支持  双重差分法  孙辈照料
 
Does the Integrated Urban-Rural Pension Insurance Affect Children’s Financial Support?—An Empirical Analysis Based on CHARLS
Abstract:Based on the CHARLS, this paper utilizes a difference-in-differences model to examine the impact of the integrated urban-rural insurance policy on children’s financial support. The study shows that the total amount of financial support received by the rural elderly from their children has increased by 24.9% after the implementation, and this improvement is primarily achieved by reducing the labor supply time for rural elderly and increasing the time spent caring for grandchildren. Furthermore, the promotion effect of the integrated urban-rural insurance policy on children’s economic support is most pronounced among rural elderly people who live with their children and receive economic support from their sons.Therefore, the government should gradually improve the level of social insurance integration and progressively narrow the gap in pension benefits between urban and rural residents.
keywords:integrated urban-rural insurance policy  financial support for children  difference-in-differences model  grandchild care
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