寿险公司股权结构对经营绩效的影响——基于经理人代理成本视角
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引用本文:刘 璐1,王小涵1,魏龙飞2.寿险公司股权结构对经营绩效的影响——基于经理人代理成本视角[J].财经理论与实践,2023,(5):19-25
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刘 璐1,王小涵1,魏龙飞2 (1.东北财经大学 金融学院辽宁 大连 1160252.辽宁师范大学 管理学院辽宁 大连 116029) 
中文摘要:基于2012—2020年我国寿险公司的面板数据,实证检验股权结构对绩效的影响并探究其作用机制。结果表明:股权集中与绩效显著负相关,股权制衡与绩效显著正相关。机制检验发现,股权集中通过增加经理人代理成本削减绩效,股权制衡通过优化此类代理成本改善绩效。异质性分析表明,股权集中对成立时间短、发展速度慢的寿险公司绩效的负面影响更为显著。鉴于此,监管部门应适当降低寿险公司股东持股比例上限,引导非控股股东积极参与公司治理。
中文关键词:寿险公司  股权结构  绩效  经理人代理成本
 
The Influence of Shareholder Structure on Financial Performance of Life Insurance Companies: Based on the Perspective of Agent Cost of Managers
Abstract:Based on the panel data of Chinese life insurance companies from 2012 to 2020, this paper empirically tests the impact of ownership structure on performance and explores its mechanism. It shows that there is a significantly negative correlation between ownership concentration and performance, and a significant positive correlation between ownership balance and performance. Mechanism tests show that ownership concentration reduces performance by increasing agency costs, while equity balance improves performance by optimizing the agency costs. Heterogeneity analyses show that ownership concentration has a more significant negative impact on the performance of life insurance companies with a short history and slow development. In view of this, the regulatory authorities should appropriately lower the shareholding ceiling of life insurance company shareholders, and guide non-controlling shareholders to actively participate in corporate governance.
keywords:life insurance company  ownership structure  financial performance  agency cost of manager
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