法经济学语境下的违约获益赔偿责任
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引用本文:李 语 湘.法经济学语境下的违约获益赔偿责任[J].财经理论与实践,2021,(3):147-154
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作者单位
李 语 湘 (湖南警察学院湖南 长沙 410138) 
中文摘要:合同法调整的是交易双方的契约关系,在利益的取舍上要遵循基本的经济规律,但在守约方没有受到财产损失,而违约方却获利的情形下,现有的违约损害赔偿责任以公平价值为依托,无法提供充分的补偿。以法经济学为研究视角,从经济学成本—收益与资源配置的角度出发,违约获益赔偿责任将传统损害赔偿责任的起点从守约方的损失转向违约方的获益。通过考察论证违约获益赔偿责任的正当性,追索效率与公平的协调机制,对违约损害赔偿责任制度安排作经济的分析,并以此为契机,规范相应的制度设计,弥补传统违约救济局限性,完善我国违约赔偿责任体系的救济功能及途径。 
中文关键词:法经济学  违约损害  违约获益赔偿
 
The Disgorgement Damages for Breach of Contract in the Context of Law and Economics
Abstract:The contract law regulates the contractual relationship between the two sides of the transaction, and the basic economic law should be followed in the choice of interests. However, under the situation that the observant party has not suffered property losses, but the defaulting party has made profits, the existing compensation liability for breach of contract based on fair value and cannot provide sufficient compensation. The law and economics, from the perspective of economic cost benefit and resource allocation, the disgorgement damages take the focus of traditional liability for compensation for breach of contract from the loss of the observant party to the benefit of the defaulting party. Through the investigation and demonstration of the legitimacy of the disgorgement damages, trying to detect coordination mechanism between the efficiency and fairness, make economic analysis on the system arrangement of compensation for breach of contract damages. Taking it as an opportunity, regulating the corresponding system design, covering the limitations of traditional remedies for breach of contract, to perfect the relief function and ways of liability system for breach of contract in China.
keywords:law and economics  breach of contract damages  the disgorgement damages
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