老龄化是否会提升出口产品质量?
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引用本文:龚世豪,祝树金.老龄化是否会提升出口产品质量?[J].财经理论与实践,2021,(2):141-147
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作者单位
龚世豪,祝树金 (湖南大学 经济与贸易学院湖南 长沙 410006) 
中文摘要:基于2000-2013年中国工业企业数据库和中国海关进出口数据库的匹配数据,考量人口老龄化和劳动力老龄化对企业出口产品质量的影响。结果发现:人口老龄化导致劳动力供给数量减少,会抑制企业出口产品质量;而劳动力老龄化导致劳动力供给质量整体提升,能提升企业出口产品质量,特别是通过促进员工从低效企业转向高效企业,从产出增幅慢企业转向产出增幅快企业,来提升企业出口产品质量。因此,可适当延迟退休年龄,加快产业结构调整和优化升级,充分释放老年人口中蕴藏的丰富且“高质”的劳动力资源。
中文关键词:人口老龄化  劳动力老龄化  出口产品质量
 
Will Aging Improve the Export Quality?
Abstract:Based on the matched data between Chinese industrial enterprises database from 2000 to 2013, and China Customs' import and export data, this paper studies the impact of population aging on the export quality. The results show that population aging will inhibit the export quantity, while the workforce aging will help to improve the export quality. The mechanism that population aging can inhibit the export quantity lies in the reduction of labor supply; and the mechanism that workforce aging improve export quality lies in the improvement of the quality of labor supply, that is, labor force is transferred from low efficiency sector to high efficiency sector, and from slower output growth sector to faster output growth sector.
keywords:population aging  workforce aging  export quality
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