中国财政改革与经济增长实践
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引用本文:郭 路1, 李圆圆2.中国财政改革与经济增长实践[J].财经理论与实践,2021,(1):79-85
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郭 路1, 李圆圆2 (1.中国社会科学院 经济研究所, 北京 100836 2.深圳大学 中国经济特区研究中心广东 深圳 518060) 
中文摘要:基于内生增长理论分析改革开放后历次财政变革与经济增长关系,并利用协整与回归分析检验该关系。结果表明:中国财政与经济增长具有长期稳定关系;前期财政变革强调财政激励效应,为中国市场经济奠定了制度基础;后期财政变革强调稳态增长效应,这使中央财政需有稳定财源,以保证其外部性生产要素充分供给;相比于地方财政的收敛增长效应,中央财政体现出稳态增长效应。
中文关键词:公共财政  经济增长  外部性
 
The Development of Public Finance and the Growth in China
Abstract:This paper uses the endogenous growth theory to analyze the relationship between the public finance reformations and the economic growth since the year of 1978 in China, and paper tests the relationship which is stable by cointegrate test and regressions. The earlier stage of reformations focuses on the incentive effect, which provides the foundation of economic institutions; the latter stage of reformations is concern on the growth effect, which provides sustainable fiscal income for the central government to invest in external factor sections. Contrary to the convergence of the growth effect of local public finances, the central public finance has steady growth effect.
keywords:public finance  economic growth  externality
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