政府采购、市场竞争与省域创新能力
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引用本文:肖建华,谢璐华.政府采购、市场竞争与省域创新能力[J].财经理论与实践,2020,(5):90-96
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肖建华,谢璐华 (江西财经大学 财税与公共管理学院江西 南昌 330013) 
中文摘要:基于我国31个省份2013-2017年的面板数据,采用TOPSIS法改进因子分析模型测算不同省份的创新能力,通过构建空间杜宾模型评估政府采购政策、市场竞争度对省域创新能力的影响。结果表明:政府采购政策的实施有利于省域创新能力提升,但在我国尚未形成高效的市场竞争机制进而抑制了省域创新水平提高;其对市场竞争造成的干扰阻碍了省内外创新市场活动的正常进行;无论是低竞争还是高竞争行业,在政府采购制度中保持适度的市场竞争对促进省域创新有一定积极意义。鉴于此,实践中需要政府强化创新导向的政府采购目标,构建公平竞争的政府采购制度,依据行业竞争度设计不同的政府采购机制,以提升省域创新能力。
中文关键词:政府采购  市场竞争  创新能力  空间杜宾模型
 
Government Procurement, Market Competition and Provincial Innovative Ability
Abstract:Based on the panel data of 31 provinces in China from 2013 to 2017, the TOPSIS method was used to improve the factor analysis model to measure the innovative abilities of different provinces, and the SDM model was constructed to evaluate the impact of government procurement policies and market competition on the innovative abilities of provinces. The empirical test results show that: first, the implementation of government procurement policy is conducive to the improvement of provincial innovative ability, but the government procurement in China has not yet formed an efficient market competition mechanism to inhibit the improvement at provincial innovation level. Second, the government procurement policy can stimulate the innovation market vitality both within and outside the province. The interference caused by the government procurement mechanism to the market competition will hinder the normal development of the innovation market activities within and outside the province. Third, in both low-competition and high-competition industries, maintaining moderate market competition in the government procurement system has certain positive significance for promoting provincial innovation. According to the empirical conclusion, the government should strengthen the innovation-oriented government procurement target in practice. Constructing a fair competition government procurement system to improve the provincial innovation status; according to the different degree of competition in the industry, different government procurement mechanisms are designed to improve the innovative ability of the province.
keywords:government procurement  market competition  innovative ability  SDM
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