旅游经济依赖背景下区域经济脆弱性评价研究——以张家界市、阿坝州、丽江市为例
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引用本文:杨懿,时蓓蓓, 刘小迪.旅游经济依赖背景下区域经济脆弱性评价研究——以张家界市、阿坝州、丽江市为例[J].财经理论与实践,2019,(5):128-135
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杨懿,时蓓蓓, 刘小迪 (云南大学 工商管理与旅游管理学院云南 昆明650091) 
中文摘要:将“过度依赖旅游业”作为导致经济脆弱性的主要诱因,构建旅游经济依赖型目的地经济脆弱性评价指标体系,利用熵值法确定指标权重,进而运用S/R模型和障碍度模型评价脆弱性值并确定主要影响因素。结果表明:张家界市、阿坝州、丽江市的经济发展长期处于极端脆弱或很脆弱状态,投资和出口对经济发展的带动不足、过度依赖旅游业、旅游发展与经济发展水平不匹配、旅游繁荣导致的去工业化和去农业化是经济脆弱性高的主要原因。
中文关键词:旅游经济依赖型目的地  经济脆弱性  障碍度
 
Research on the Regional Economic Vulnerability Evaluation under the Background of Tourism Economy Dependence——Taking Zhangjiajie, Aba and Lijiang as Examples
Abstract:Evaluation research is one of the important contents of economic vulnerability research in recent years. This paper takes "over-reliance on tourism" as the main cause of economic vulnerability, constructing an evaluation index system for tourism economy dependent destination economic vulnerability , we use entropy value method to determine the weight of indicators, and then use S/R model and obstacle model to evaluate Vulnerability values and identify the main influencing factors. The research shows: in the past sixteen years, the regions like Zhangjiajie, Aba, and Lijiang, where economic developments are in an extremely weak or fragile state. The deficiency of investment and export in promoting economic development the excessive dependence of tourism economy, the mismatch in economic development levels and the boom in tourism, de-industrialization and de-agriculture by tourism and alike industries are the main reasons that leads to the high vulnerability of the ethic regions' economy.
keywords:Tourism economy dependence  Economic vulnerability  Obstacle degree
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