中美贸易对美国就业影响的重新评价——基于全球价值链视角
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引用本文:张亚斌1,熊雅澜1,杨翔宇1,2.中美贸易对美国就业影响的重新评价——基于全球价值链视角[J].财经理论与实践,2019,(4):2-8
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作者单位
张亚斌1,熊雅澜1,杨翔宇1,2 (1.湖南大学 经济与贸易学院,湖南 长沙 410082 2.黔南民族师范学院贵州 都匀 558000) 
中文摘要:基于全球价值链视角,利用出口增加值分解,运用WIOD数据库2000-2014年间投入产出数据和SEA就业数据,重新度量中美贸易对美国就业的带动和挤出效应。结果表明:美国直接出口中国所带动的本土制造业就业人数要高于服务业人数;就业挤出中,中国出口美国主要挤出的是美国知识密集型制造业,其他类型的行业就业挤出相对较少;中美贸易对美国就业的整体效应为正值,中美贸易对美国制造业和总就业具有一定的促进作用。
中文关键词:中美贸易  全球价值链  制造业就业  服务业就业
 
Re-evaluation of the Impact of China-US Trade on Employment in the United States—— A Perspective of Global Value Chain
Abstract:Based on the input/output data and SEA employment data from 2000 to 2014 in WIOD database, this paper remeasures the driving and crowding-out effects of China-US trade on American employment from the perspective of global value chain and export value-added decomposition theory. The results show that the number of local manufacturing jobs driven by the United States direct exports to China is higher than that of the service industry; as for the employment crowding, China's exports to the United States mainly squeeze out the knowledge-intensive manufacturing industry in the United States, and employment crowding in other types of industries is relatively small; the overall effect of China-US trade on US employment is positive, and China-US trade has a certain role in promoting US manufacturing and total employment.
keywords:China-US trade  Global value chain  Manufacturing employment  Service employment
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