中老年消费不平等的度量与分解:来自CHARLS的经验证据
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引用本文:宋泽1,何阳2.中老年消费不平等的度量与分解:来自CHARLS的经验证据[J].财经理论与实践,2019,(3):107-112
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宋泽1,何阳2 (1.南开大学 经济学院天津300071 2.北京大学 现代农学院北京100871) 
中文摘要:利用CHARLS数据考量中老年人的消费不平等问题,结果发现:2011-2015年中老年家庭总消费水平快速上升,同时不平等程度进一步扩大。从消费分类上看,医疗保健对中老年人消费水平影响最大;从年龄效应上看,中老年群体不平等在67岁以后开始上升。随着中国经济快速发展,后出生中老年群体会积累更多财富,在基本衣食需求满足后,消费不平等的代际效应更多体现在家庭用品、教育娱乐和医疗保健方面。
中文关键词:消费不平等  中老年  度量  分解
 
The Research on Measurement and Decomposition of Consumption Inequality among Middle-Aged and Elderly: Evidence on CHARLS
Abstract:This paper uses the CHARLS to measure and decompose consumption inequality among the middle-aged and elderly. The results show that consumption level increased rapidly from 2011 to 2015, but the level of inequality also rise. From the perspective of consumption classification, medical care has the largest impact on the consumption level of middle-aged and elderly people. In terms of the age effect, inequality rises later in life, starting to rise since age 67. With the rapid development of China's economy, the later born accumulate more wealth. Based on meeting basic needs, inequality are showed on the household facilities articles and services, education culture and entertainment, medical care in the intergenerational effects.
keywords:consumption inequality  middle-aged and elderly  measurement  decomposition
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