新中国农新中国农地产权制度变迁对农业投资的影响机制及实证检验
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引用本文:公茂刚,辛青华.新中国农新中国农地产权制度变迁对农业投资的影响机制及实证检验[J].财经理论与实践,2019,(3):2-8
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作者单位
公茂刚,辛青华 (山东理工大学 经济学院山东 淄博255012) 
中文摘要:通过理论与实证分析新中国农地产权制度变迁对农业投资的影响机制发现,明确和有保障的农地产权制度减少了不确定性,降低了逆向选择风险,增强了农业经营主体对未来收益的预期,也提高了投资主体获得稳定投资收益的预期,进而增加了农业资金投入的需求和供给。实证检验结果表明:新中国成立以来的农地产权制度变迁对农业投资有显著的正向影响,每一次农地产权制度变迁都显著地促进了农业投资的增加。特别是在改革开放后,家庭联产承包责任制和土地承包经营权流转制度的确立对我国农业投资增长的影响更大。因此,我国今后要进一步改革完善农地产权制度,通过制度保护农业投资积极性,促进农业发展。
中文关键词:农地产权制度  农业投资  制度变迁  影响机制
 
Research on the Influence Mechanism of Land Property Rights Institutional Reform on Agricultural Investment in China
Abstract:This paper analyzes the impact of land property rights institutional reform on agricultural capital investment theoretically and practically. The clear and guaranteed land property rights institution reduces uncertainty and the adverse selection risk, enhances the expectation of the agricultural business entity to the future agricultural operation income and the financial institutions to obtain the stable capital gains, and increases the supply and demand of the agricultural capital investment. The empirical results show that the change of land property rights institution has a significant positive impact on the agricultural capital investment, and each change of land property right institution has greatly promoted the increase of capital investment in agricultural production in China. Especially after the reform and opening up policy, the reform of the household contract responsibility institution and the transfer institution of land contracted management right have greater impact on China's agricultural capital investment. Therefore, China will further reform and improve the rural land property rights institution in the future, through which protect the enthusiasm of agricultural production, and promote agricultural development.
keywords:land property rights institution  agricultural investment  institutional change  influence mechanism
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