全球化背景下中国大豆进口市场结构与价格弹性研究
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引用本文:王 颖1,2,肖国安1,龚 波3,王 琼3.全球化背景下中国大豆进口市场结构与价格弹性研究[J].财经理论与实践,2019,(2):149-154
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作者单位
王 颖1,2,肖国安1,龚 波3,王 琼3 (1.湘潭大学 商学院湖南 湘潭 411105
2.湖南科技大学 计算机学院湖南 湘潭 411201
3.湖南科技大学 商学院湖南 湘潭 411201) 
中文摘要:利用CR4和HHI指数,运用灰色关联法,考量全球化背景下中国大豆进口市场结构与价格弹性。结果表明:中国大豆进口市场集中度极高,整体呈“极高寡占型”。中国大豆进口整体缺乏价格弹性,对国际市场依赖性较大,进口价格主要受美国和巴西的影响。为此,中国应实施大豆进口多元化战略,加大大豆生产及其替代品的研发投入,构建大豆国际采购供应链。
中文关键词:大豆  市场结构  价格弹性  灰色关联
 
A Study on Market Structure and Price Elasticity of Soybean Import in China under the Background of Globalization
Abstract:The market structure and price elasticity of soybean import in China under the background of globalization are discussed by using the indexes of CR4 and HHI, and the grey correlation method. The results show that the concentration of soybean import market in China is at the high level, and the soybean import market is "extremely oligopoly" as a whole. The soybean import in China lacks price elasticity as a whole and depends heavily on the international market, and the import price is mainly affected by the United States and Brazil. Therefore, the diversification strategy of soybean import in China should be implemented, and it is necessary to increase research and development investment in soybean production and its substitutes, and to build an international soybean procurement supply chain.
keywords:soybean  market structure  price elasticity  grey relation
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