美国企业储蓄率变迁的内外因素分析——基于1991-2016年的数据
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引用本文:魏勇强,张振宇.美国企业储蓄率变迁的内外因素分析——基于1991-2016年的数据[J].财经理论与实践,2019,(1):33-38
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魏勇强,张振宇 (山西财经大学 公共管理学院山西 太原 030006) 
中文摘要:美国企业储蓄率在1991-2016年间稳中有升,其直接原因是与美国企业未分配利润的持续增加有关,深层次原因则是近年来美国企业利润的不断上升;进一步分析发现,美国企业利润的上升与其海外利润和金融业利润的增加密不可分,而这一切既受到美国国内因素的影响,又受到国际因素的影响。从国内因素来看,管制的放松、大型跨国集团尤其是金融集团的构建,以及对冲基金的国际金融投机,为美国企业海外利润和金融业利润的扩张奠定了丰厚的基础。从国际因素来看,美国在思想领域掌握经济话语权,引领和鼓动别国主动开放金融市场,以及对于符合美国经济思想的海外代理人的培养,使开放资本市场变成发展中国家的一种自觉行动。此外,通过操控国际经济机构逼迫别国开放市场,为美国企业的海外拓展大开方便之门。
中文关键词:企业储蓄率  企业利润  美国  海外利润  金融业
 
A Discussion on the Domestic and International Factors Leading to the Change of US Business Saving Rate——On the Basis of Data from 1991 to 2016
Abstract:From 1991 to 2016, the US business saving rate maintains stable and even increases to some degree. The direct factor is the increase of undistributed corporate profits. Yet the basic reason is that the US corporate profits especially those come from the increase of profits of overseas and financial sector rise in recent years. All these are greatly affected by the US domestic factors as well as international factors. In recent years, the domestic factors such as the relaxation of US economic regulations, mergers of large international financial group and the rise of hedge funds, make the foundation for the rise of US overseas and financial profits. From the international perspectives, the economic dialogue power owned by the US, the economic agents educated and trained by the US, and the international economic organizations largely controlled by the US, facilitate the expansion of US corporations in the world.
keywords:Business saving rate  Corporate profit  USA  Overseas profit  Financial industry
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