中国省际环境基本公共服务绩效差异分析
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引用本文:张启春,江朦朦.中国省际环境基本公共服务绩效差异分析[J].财经理论与实践,2014,(3):104-110
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作者单位
张启春,江朦朦 (华中师范大学 经济与工商管理学院湖北 武汉430079) 
中文摘要:利用“纵横向”拉开档次评价法实证分析中国30个省级政府2002~2011年的环境基本公共服务绩效,结果表明省际差异显著。中西部大部分地区绩效整体逐年上升但总得分偏低,东部综合绩效水平明显高于中西部;环境安全性服务和环境信息性服务占综合绩效得分比重明显偏小。为此,应加大对中西部省份环境基本公共服务的财政投入,实施差异化区域性环境基本公共服务战略;同时增加对环境安全性服务和环境信息性服务的投入,提升环境基本公共服务整体水平。
中文关键词:环境基本公共服务  “纵横向”拉开档次评价法  最大序差  绩效分析
 
Difference Analysis of Inter-provincial Environmental Basic Public Service Performance in China
Abstract:The paper aimed to make an analysis of 30 provincial governments' performance in Environmental Basic Public Service(EBPS) from the year 2002 to 2011 based on the method of “Vertical and Horizontal” Scatter Degree. The following results were derived from the analysis: their performances varied greatly——firstly, compared with the high level performance of EBPS in eastern China, those of the central and western parts of China were generally lower despite its increasing improvement year by year; secondly, environmental security service and information service accounted for a relatively smaller proportion in the final scores of the comprehensive performances. Therefore it is highly recommended that the financial input of the central and western parts of China in EBPS be increased, and differential regional strategies be implemented. Besides an input boom in environmental security service and information service and a general enhancement in EBPS are equally needed.
keywords:Environmental Basic Public Service (EBPS)  'Vertical and Horizontal 'scatter degree analysis  Maximum order difference  Performance analysis
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