地方政府财政支出的民生化进程与农村居民消费——基于总量和分类支出视角下的理论分析与实证检验
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引用本文:刘志忠,吴飞.地方政府财政支出的民生化进程与农村居民消费——基于总量和分类支出视角下的理论分析与实证检验[J].财经理论与实践,2014,(1):75-80
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作者单位
刘志忠,吴飞 (湖南大学 经济与贸易学院,湖南 长沙410079) 
中文摘要:基于总量和分类支出的视角,从宏观层面对地方政府民生财政支出与农村居民消费进行理论分析,并采用1998~2011年中国大陆31个省市面板数据加以实证检验,研究结果表明:地方政府民生财政支出确实有效地促进了农村居民消费,尤其是对以教育文化娱乐、医疗保健等为主的发展享受性消费的挤入程度要大于以衣食住为主的基本生存性消费;但在民生财政具体分类支出方面影响却存在着差异,即教育和医疗卫生支出对农村居民消费产生显著的挤入效应,而文化和社会保障等支出影响微弱。因此,在稳步扩大民生财政支出比重的同时,应注重优化民生财政支出结构,增加农村居民收入等,全面提高农村居民消费水平。
中文关键词:民生财政支出  农村居民消费  总量  分类  宏观分析
 
he Livelihood Process of Local Government Fiscal Expenditure and Rural Consumption——Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Test Based on Total and Category Expenditure
Abstract:From the perspective of total and category expenditure, this paper analyzes the local government expenditure on livelihood and rural consumption from the macro perspective,and makes an empirical test using the panel data of 31 Chinese provinces from 1998 to 2011.The results are as follows: the local government livelihood expenditure has promoted rural consumption effectively, especially this crowding-in effect on enjoyment consumption which mainly includes education ,culture, entainment and health care is bigger than basic survival, including clothing, food and housing. But the categories of livehood expenditure have different effects: education and health expenditure have a significant crowding-in effect on rural consumption, while culture and social insurance expenditure do not have a significant effect. So while steadily expanding the proportion of livehood expenditure, the goverment should pay attention to improve the expenditure structure and increasing rural residents' income to improve their consumption level.
keywords:Livelihood expenditure  Rural residents' consumption  Total  Category  Macroscopic analysis
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