论基金管理人的股东化转型
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引用本文:袁乐平,余绍山,姚壮龙.论基金管理人的股东化转型[J].财经理论与实践,2013,(4):30-34
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作者单位
袁乐平,余绍山,姚壮龙 (中南大学 商学院,湖南 长沙410083) 
中文摘要:在传统的基金治理结构中,基金管理人大多采用经理型模式,基金管理人的道德风险的发生难以避免。对基民与基金管理人的委托—代理合同进行优化,重激励、轻约束,不能从根本上消除基金管理人的道德风险。要消除基金管理人的道德风险,必须实现基金管理人从经理型向股东型的彻底转变,将基民与基金管理人的关系由传统的基金运行模式中的股东与经理的关系改造为优先股东与普通股东的关系。基金管理人的股东化转型,相对于经理型基金管理人而言,至少有两大功能:对基金管理人的机会主义行为的矫治功能;对基金管理人能力的甄别功能。
中文关键词:基金管理人  治理结构  经理型  股东型
 
The discussion of the stockholder transformation of Fund manager
Abstract:In the traditional governance structure of fund management, Fund managers are playing the role of professional agent. It is difficult to avoid the occurrence of Fund manager's moral hazard in that context. The optimizations of principal-agent contract between the investors and fund managers focus on the incentive of managers, giving a little importance on the constraint to mangers. It is impossible to avoid the fund manager moral risk unless the mangers are transformed from agent to stockholder. At that time, the relationship between the fund manager and investors will become priority shareholders and ordinary shareholders instead of shareholders and agent. By this way, it is good for avoiding the opportunism behavior of fund managers, and at the same time, it also set up barriers to entry to this position.
keywords:Fund manager  Governance structure  Agent  Shareholder type
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