外商直接投资的产业技术溢出效应对比研究——基于35个产业面板数据的实证分析
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引用本文:杨晶晶,曾春花.外商直接投资的产业技术溢出效应对比研究——基于35个产业面板数据的实证分析[J].财经理论与实践,2013,(1):39-42
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作者单位
杨晶晶,曾春花 (湖南大学 经济与贸易学院湖南 长沙410079) 
中文摘要:结合中国的产业特性,使用1999~2010年35个产业的面板数据,在采用两种度量指标衡量外商直接投资(FDI)的不同溢出途径的基础上,考量外商直接投资对内资企业的横向溢出效应与后向链接效应,并且检验了产业间的异质性。结论表明,我国的外商直接投资存在着显著为正的后向溢出效应,也存在一定程度的横向溢出效应,外资企业的人员流出能显著促进同一产业内内资企业的生产效率提高;劳动密集型产业与资本技术密集型产业的横向溢出效应与后向链接效应存在一定差异。
中文关键词:外商直接投资  横向技术溢出效应  面板数据分析
 
A Comparative Study on Industrial Technology Spillovers of Foreign Direct Investment: Based on the Empirical Analysis of 35 Industrial Panel Data
Abstract:Considering the characteristics of the industries in China, using the panel data of 35 industries from 1999 to 2010, based on different overflow pathways of foreign direct investment (FDI) that measured in two different indexes, horizontal spillovers and backward links, and examined the heterogeneity between industries have been discussed in the paper. The conclusions show that there are significantly positive backward link spillovers from FDI and certain horizontal spillovers from FDI. And we also can get the conclusion that the outflow of foreign employees can significantly promote the production efficiency of domestic enterprises in the same industry. At the same time, there were some differences in horizontal spillovers and backward link effect between labor intensive industries and capital and technology intensive industries.
keywords:FDI  Horizontal technical spillover effect  Panel data analysis
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