我国制造业出口技术结构的 动态变迁及驱动因素分析
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引用本文:祝树金,涂志敏.我国制造业出口技术结构的 动态变迁及驱动因素分析[J].财经理论与实践,2012,(4):105-109
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作者单位
祝树金,涂志敏 (湖南大学 经济与贸易学院中国 长沙410079) 
中文摘要:构建行业层面的出口技术水平指数,采用行业面板数据和系统GMM方法,实证研究了我国制造业出口技术结构的动态变迁及其影响因素。从出口构成来看,我国制造业出口呈现 “双峰”分布:一个峰以服装、纺织业等劳动密集型行业为中心,另一个以机械、电气用品、运输设备制造业等资本或者技术密集型行业为核心。样本期间我国制造业出口技术水平显著上升,在很大程度上是源于FDI、进口贸易的作用;人力资本和研发投入也起到了促进作用,但研发投入却存在滞后效应。
中文关键词:制造业  出口技术水平  外商直接投资  系统GMM方法
 
The Dynamic Changes of the Technical Structure of Manufacturing Export in China and their Determinants
Abstract:The industrial export technology index constructed, the dynamic changes of the technical structure of manufacturing export and their determinants are researched using industrial panel data and system GMM method. From the perspective of export structure, China's export in manufacturing industry has presented the bimodal distribution, where one peak goes around the labor intensive manufacturing industries such as wearing apparel and textile, and the other focuses on the capital or technology intensive industries such as the mechanical manufactures, electrical equipment and transport equipment. The export technology of manufacturing in China has been increased significantly during the sample period. The upgrading of the structure of manufacturing export, to a great extent, has been attributed to the roles of FDI and import. Industrial human capital and lagged R&D investment are conductive to export technology level as well.
keywords:Manufacturing  Export Technology  FDI  System GMM Method
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