国有控股集团企业知识型员工激励组合实证研究
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引用本文:马庆仁,曾德明,甘露.国有控股集团企业知识型员工激励组合实证研究[J].财经理论与实践,2012,(2):94-98
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作者单位
马庆仁,曾德明,甘露 (湖南大学 工商管理学院 湖南 长沙410082) 
中文摘要:国有控股集团企业知识型员工激励组合包括薪酬激励、工作成就激励、个人成长激励、工作环境激励、知识转移与共享激励等主要方式。实证研究表明,在薪酬激励方面,固定薪酬激励效应已降至最低水平,远不及奖金、福利、股权及期权激励策略。在工作成就激励方面,工作重要性和岗位转换的激励效应已降至中等水平,工作挑战性及相关荣誉更加能够激起员工工作积极性。在个人成长激励方面,担任重要角色、规范的技术培训与开发制度的激励效应为中等水平,而拥有资源配置权、负责组建研发团队和参与决策制定具有重要激励作用。在工作环境、知识转移与共享激励方面,先进的R&D设施、优秀的企业文化、有利的团队冲突、规范的团队激励机制和健全的知识共享机制对员工的激励效应水平已高于较强团队凝聚力、顺畅的沟通激励以及优秀的领导、弹性工作时间和良好的学习环境。
中文关键词:国有控股集团企业  知识型员工  激励组合
 
An Empirical Analysis on the Incentive Portfolio of Knowledge Staff in State Holding Enterprises
Abstract:The incentive portfolio of knowledge staff in state holding enterprises is made up of salaries, work achievement, work environment, knowledge transfer and sharing mechanisms. The results of empirical study are summarized as follows. Firstly, the incentive effect of fixed salaries has been reduced to the minimum, which is far lower than bonus, welfare, stock ownership and option. Secondly, the incentive effect of the importance of work and job rotation has been reduced to a middle level, while the effect of the challenges in work and related honors increase. Thirdly, the incentive effect of important position, technology training program and institution development is in a middle level, however, it is more incentive for workers to have resource allocation rights, to be authorized to set up R&D team and participate in decision-making. Finally, compared with some incentive factors such as strong team cohesion, good communication mechanism, outstanding leader, flexible work time and excellent education environment, the incentive factors including advanced R&D infrastructure, excellent enterprise culture, beneficial team conflicts, normative team incentive and perfect knowledge sharing mechanisms have more incentive effects.
keywords:State holding enterprises  Knowledge staff  Incentive portfolio
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