欧盟碳税工具环境治理成效及其启示
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引用本文:唐祥来.欧盟碳税工具环境治理成效及其启示[J].财经理论与实践,2011,(6):97-100
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作者单位
唐祥来 (南京财经大学 财政与税务学院江苏 南京210046) 
中文摘要:欧盟碳税工具具有抑制碳排放的作用,但唯有丹麦效果最佳。煤燃料碳排放的削减是丹麦减排的关键。丹麦对煤燃料征收高税,对企业、居民实施差别税率,以及自愿协议税收返还政策的减排激励效应明显。我国开征碳税应准确把握时机,在税费改革的基础上建立环境税制度体系。要淡化碳税“双重红利”效应,立足节能减排调控功能;实施差别征税、善待民生、重在激励的碳税政策。
中文关键词:碳税工具  治理成效  煤燃料碳排放  欧盟
 
The Implement of European Carbon Taxation in Environmental Governance
Abstract:Carbon taxation has good effects on the reduction of carbon emissions in European countries, especially in Denmark. The emission of Carbon from coal is restricted in narrow limits in Denmark. There, fuel as coal is imposed heavy taxes. There are different coal tax rate upon firms and residents. And voluntary agreements have great incentives in carbon emission reduction. Our government should levy carbon tax on an appropriate time, and environmental taxation system should be established based on reform of tax and charge. Forget the double dividend of carbon taxation and focus on its function of carbon emission reduction. Different tax rate between the companies and the families should be implemented.
keywords:Carbon taxation  Implement  Carbon emissions from coal  European Union
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