我国国有企业过度投资——基于生产要素投入视角的理论解释
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引用本文:黎精明,唐霞.我国国有企业过度投资——基于生产要素投入视角的理论解释[J].财经理论与实践,2011,(4):46-50
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作者单位
黎精明,唐霞 (武汉科技大学 管理学院湖北 武汉430081) 
中文摘要:已有理论尚不能很好地解释我国国有企业的过度投资现象。基于生产要素投入视角的研究表明:由于国有企业承担了办社会的成本,因此政府必须对其进行补贴,其方式是政府无偿或低成本地给其进行资源划拨或转让,从而导致其低资本成本,这必然增强国有企业以资本替代劳动的激励,进而导致国有企业过度投资和社会福利损失。因此,抑制国有企业过度投资的基本路径在于:彻底剥离国有企业承担的办社会的成本→取消政府对国有企业的政策性补贴→恢复资本要素市场的价格形成与作用机制。
中文关键词:国有企业  过度投资  资本要素  非效率经营
 
Over Investment of the State Owned Enterprises in China: A Theoretical Explanation from the Perspective of production Factors Input
Abstract:The over investment phenomena state owned enterprises (SOEs) in China haven't a good explaination now. The study from the perspective of production factors inputs has shown that the social responsibility costs borne by SOEs are relatively high, so government give them some subsidy. However, the subsidies are given by the way that valuable resources are transfered to SOEs in no cost or law cost. The low cost in captial input give SOEs the incentives to substitute capital for labor, which lead to the over investment and loss of social welfare. So the solutions are: rationalization the social cost of SOEs→ cancellation the political subsidies to SOEs →resumption the value curve effects in capital market.
keywords:State owned enterprises  Over investment  Capital elements  Non-efficient Operation
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