开放条件下知识产权保护和社会福利效应
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引用本文:叶静怡,陈凤仙.开放条件下知识产权保护和社会福利效应[J].财经理论与实践,2011,(3):74-79
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作者单位
叶静怡,陈凤仙 (北京大学 经济学院北京100871) 
中文摘要:开放条件下知识产权保护和社会福利效应的规范研究显示,发达国家从创新主体利益角度,要求发展中国家加强知识产权保护,但这并不能保证发达国家及世界福利水平的提高;技术创新和技术扩散是知识产权保护影响福利水平的两个最重要传导机制,其对南方国家知识产权保护的反应也存在不确定性。一些实证研究显示,知识产权保护对经济增长、国际贸易、FDI和技术转让均有影响。从减少贫困和失业以及产业结构变迁等发展经济学视角展开研究,是对现有文献的一个重要拓展方向。
中文关键词:知识产权保护  社会福利  技术创新  技术扩散  经济增长
 
Intellectual Property Protection and Social Welfare Effect in a Open Economy
Abstract:The normal studies about IPP and social welfare effect in the open economy have shown that, for the purpose of protecting innovator's benefits, developed countries will require developing countries to raise their intellectual property protection level. But this requirement cannot essentially improve the welfare of the developed countries nor that of the developing countries. Besides, as two of the most important transmission mechanism between intellectual property protection and welfare, the response of technology innovation and technology diffusion to the IPP of South-Country is also uncertainty. Empirical studies have shown that intellectual property protection will influence economic growth, international trade, FDI and technology transfer. From the perspective of Development Economics, the analysis about the influences of IPP on poverty, unemployment and the upgrading of industrial structure is one important extension of the current researches.
keywords:IPR  Social Welfare  Technology Diffusion  Technology Innovation  Economic Growth
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