我国碳税制度要素设计研究
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引用本文:崔景华.我国碳税制度要素设计研究[J].财经理论与实践,2011,(1):69-72
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作者单位
崔景华 (对外经济贸易大学 公共管理学院北京100029) 
中文摘要:碳税是实现节能减排和保护环境的有效政策手段。我国在确立碳税制度框架时,可以借鉴国外的碳税经验,通过降低能源税税收负担和开征碳税相结合的方式来实现从原有相关税种过渡到碳税的制度转换过程。在综合比较碳税制度运行时的经济效率和行政效率的基础上,进一步确立最优的碳税课税主体、课税环节、税率及税收用途,这些碳税制度要素的研究对构建我国的绿色税收制度具有重要启示。
中文关键词:碳税  课税主体  税率  税收负担
 
The Design of Elements of Carbon Taxes in China
Abstract:The carbon tax is an effective method to protect environment and a vigorous policy to achieve reduction of energy emissions. To establish the frame of carbon taxes in china, it is very essential to learn the useful experiences from foreign countries. The way that government gradually reduces the energy tax rate, then switches to levy upon carbon taxes is recommended. After compare the economic efficiency and administration efficiency with before, the subject, the procedure and the rate of taxation are optimized. This research is helpful to establish our green taxes system.
keywords:Carbon Taxes  Taxation Subject  Tax Rate  Tax Burden
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