中国烟草产业制度变革:专卖放松与产权改革并重
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引用本文:周耀辉.中国烟草产业制度变革:专卖放松与产权改革并重[J].财经理论与实践,2010,(6):102-105
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作者单位
周耀辉 (中南大学 商学院湖南 长沙410083) 
中文摘要:我国烟草业国家垄断控制、政企合一的制度安排面临诸多困境:专卖合理性不断受到冲击;烟草业大而不强、国际竞争力极弱;制度运行成本高、社会福利受损以及国家形象受影响等,烟草业制度变革很迫切。为此,我国烟草业应渐进放松专卖制度、消除全国统一开放市场所建立的和产业有效集中的财税体制障碍,逐步建立多元化产权制度,以特许经营替代专卖管理。
中文关键词:烟草产业  现实困境  制度变革  路径选择
 
Institutional Reform of Tobacco Industry in China: Monopoly Release and Property Rights Reform
Abstract:The institutional arrangements of China's tobacco industry are facing many difficulties: the industry is big but not strong; international competitiveness is weak, while operating cost is high. The problems are impairing social welfare and state image, so it is necessary to reform the tobacco industrial institutions. The monopoly should be released gradually, and the financial obstacles in the way of building united market opening to the state and the way of industry concentration should be removed. Moreover, property rights reform can be implemented by using franchising instead of monopoly.
keywords:Tobacco Industry  Dilemma  Institutional Change  Path Selection
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