限售股个人所得税新政与企业所得税特别纳税调整分析——以“紫金富豪避税门”为例
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引用本文:何晓蓉,刘爱明.限售股个人所得税新政与企业所得税特别纳税调整分析——以“紫金富豪避税门”为例[J].财经理论与实践,2010,(5):82-86
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作者单位
何晓蓉 (1.中南林业科技大学 经济学院,湖南 长沙4100042.中南大学 商学院,湖南 长沙410083) 
刘爱明  
中文摘要:紫金富豪避税门事件显示,上市公司限售股股东避税的灰色通道在于将法人股以成本价转让给关联自然人后再在二级市场套现。国税总局规定,自2010年起对个人转让限售股的所得应征收个人所得税。该规定部分堵塞了原有的避税漏洞,但无法追溯既往的限售股转让行为,对以限售股申购ETF行为是否纳税也未予以明确,且可能导致税收套利。税务机关应根据企业所得税法特别纳税调整的一般反避税条款,对无合理商业目的低价转让法人股权的关联企业进行纳税调整,达到反避税目的。
中文关键词:紫金矿业  紫金富豪  限售股  ETF  特别纳税调整
 
New Policy on Individual Income Tax to Trade Restricted Shares and Special Adjustment to Enterprise Income Tax:“ The Affair of Tax Avoidance by Zijin Magnates” as an Example
Abstract:The tax avoidance affair in Zijin indicates that there is a tax avoidance gray channel for the corporate shareholders of listed companies. They sold their trade restricted shares at cost price to the affiliated natural person, after then, the shares were resold in the secondary market for tax free cash. The State Taxation Administration requires that the one who transfers the trade restricted shares has tax obligation for individual income tax since 2010. Although this requirement have wall up part of the loopholes of the gray channel, it is difficult to trace the purchase occurred before 2010. It also is not clear with the tax liability about the exchange for trade restricted shares to ETF. Moreover, it could lead to tax arbitrage. So, the tax authorities should adjust the corporate income tax law, in particular the general anti avoidance tax provisions, to adjust the affiliated transaction of the cheap transfer of corporate shares without reasonable commercial purpose.
keywords:Zijin mining  Zijin magnates  Trade restricted shares  ETF  Special tax adjustment
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