营业准入制度的国别效应分析
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引用本文:肖海军.营业准入制度的国别效应分析[J].财经理论与实践,2010,(4):124-128
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作者单位
肖海军 (湖南大学 法学院 湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:营业准入制度的国别效应是指国际资本、跨国投资、国际产业分工和全球贸易对不同国家或地区营业准入制度设计、调整和变化的反应程度。以国际资本的流动为例,从静态来分析,表现为营业准入限制国的资本挤出效应和营业准入开放国的资本集聚效应;从动态来分析,则表现为营业准入限制国因制度调整而创造的投资洼地效应和营业准入开放国因制度供给过剩而产生的资本溢出效应。对欠发达国家和营业准入限制国来说,适度地对其营业准入制度进行有效的调整,选择自由、开放型营业准入制度,可以解决营业准入方面的制度不公和制度供给不足问题,进而以营业准入制度优势来换取国家竞争优势。
中文关键词:营业准入  挤出效应  集聚效应  洼地效应  溢出效应
 
On Country Specific Effect about Business Access System
Abstract:The country specific effect of business access system is the reaction extent to international capital, transnational investment, international division of industry and labor and global trade to handle to the design, adjustment and changes of business access system in different countries. For example of international capital flow, it includes capital squeezed-out effect of restricted model nation and capital accumulative effect of open model nation from a static point of view; and it also includes investment depression effect of restricted model nation due to adjustment of business access system and capital overflowing effect of open model nation due to unchanging of business access system from a developing point of view. Therefore, it is important particularly to developing countries and nations which business access is restricted to adjust effectively and appropriately business access system, to choose freedom and open model of business access system in order to transform advantage of business access system into national competitive advantage and to enhance international competitiveness of these countries.
keywords:Business Access  Accumulative Effect  Squeezing-out Effect  Depression Effect  Overflowing Effect
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