中国转型期城乡收入差距的制度成因分析
投稿时间:2007-11-02    点此下载全文
引用本文:彭真善,曹伏良,李靖波.中国转型期城乡收入差距的制度成因分析[J].财经理论与实践,2008,(1):12-16
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彭真善  曹伏良  李靖波
[1]湘潭大学商学院,湖南湘潭411105 [2]中南大学,湖南长沙410083 [3]湖南大学期刊社,湖南长沙410012
基金项目:国家社会科学基金
中文摘要:中国转型期城乡收入差距呈扩大趋势,城乡收入差距偏大;城镇居民收入增长率明显大于农村居民收入增长率.重工业优先发展战略、二元的价格制度是中国转型期城乡收入差距扩大的历史成因;财税体制、金融体制、户籍制度是根本原因;此外,农村土地产权制度、二元的计划生育政策、制度变迁扩大了城乡收入差距.
中文关键词:转型期  城乡收入差距  制度成因  中国  转型期  收入差距扩大  制度成因  分析  Transition  Economic  Period  Rural Areas  Urban  Income  制度变迁  计划生育政策  土地产权制度  户籍制度  金融体制  财税体制  历史成因  价格制度  优先发展战略
 
Institutional Genesis of Income Gap Between the Urban and Rural Areas in the Period of Economic Transition in China
PENG Zhen-shan  CAO Fu-liang  LI Jing Bo
Abstract:Income gap between the urban and rural areas has widened greatly in the period of economic transition. Income growth of the urban residents is much faster than that of the rural residents. Historically, this gap was originated because of the developing priority of heavy industry and dual price policy. The gap is enlarged mainly because of the institutional treatment difference to the urban area and rural area such as financial policy, tax policy and residential policy. Some other institutions including land property right, different birth control policy in urban and rural areas, political reform have also contributed to the enlarging of the gap.
keywords:Period of Transition  Income Gap  Urban and Rural Areas  Institutional Genesis
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